The problem is particularly acute in poor communities characterized by instability and limited access to law enforcement. Migrant women who have left the economic crisis of Venezuela face discrimination on the basis of sex and origin. During a multi-day trip to Colombia and Brazil, they can become victims of robbery, sexual violence, and people smugglers. Staying in the country - due to financial problems, they may be forced to take up sex work, which may result in sexually transmitted diseases, as well as violence at the hands of their household members.
In Venezuela, we are running a Gender Violence Response Workshop. More recently, 45 women and 15 have learned about the different types and definitions of violence they may be exposed to, and about the laws and ways to enforce them that will help keep them out of harm's way. Workshops, held in small groups, play an important role in building a community based on mutual help, understanding, and trust. Participants learn not only how to protect themselves, but also how to react when they witness violence against another woman.
In the current context, women's rights require special attention - millions of Venezuelan women face economic, health, and social problems every day. In 2021, Venezuela scored 0.7 on the Gender Gap Index, which means that women are approximately 30% less likely to access education, participate in the economy and politics than men. A weakened healthcare system also disproportionately affects women and girls, increasing maternal mortality, infections, and teenage pregnancies, perpetuating the existing gender gap and forcing women to assume traditional roles and look after the home.