14 September 2021

Tragedy of the Afghans. A country on the brink of a humanitarian crisis.

When the Taliban entered the Afghan capital on August 15, the dark scenario came true. After nearly 20 years, the Afghans faced danger again. Fearing human rights violations, political persecution, and the introduction of strict Sharia law across the country, many of them chose to flee.
Since August 10, deliveries of humanitarian aid have been suspended, and more organizations are leaving the besieged country fearing attacks by the Taliban, who already control the entire country. Contrary to announcements that the new government will respect women's rights, in many provinces they have already been forbidden to return to their offices and leave their homes without a male guardian. There are also voices that list of women and girls who will be forced to marry Taliban fighters are being prepared. Without immediate help and safety, they will be condemned to a life of confinement, violence, and loneliness. We will not hear their voices in the media and we will not know their stories. Now is the last moment to draw the world's attention to the tragedy that is happening to Afghan women before our eyes.

The happiest are those who have already obtained visas and in the coming days will reach places that will be able to ensure their safety. Those who fail will face increasing violence and chaos. Together with their families, they risk becoming victims of people smugglers, who promise to get them out of the country for a sufficiently high price.
- I haven't left the house for several days, it's too dangerous. For now, I can count on the help of my neighbors who will bring me food, but I do not know how long this situation will last and what will happen to me - says Fatima, an employee of one of the international organizations living in Herat.

Complete control of social and religious life is not the only problem that will be faced by the Afghans in the coming months. The World Food Program warns of the impending famine that will arise in overpopulated Kabul, where internally refugees are pouring in from all over the country, seeking opportunities to leave the country. Cutting off roads and airports and controlling border crossings by the Taliban is tantamount to blocking food transport and preventing trade, leaving the city to starvation. The collapse of state structures and the withdrawal of not only stabilization missions but also many international aid organizations, leave the inhabitants of the country in a situation of constant threat and risk the development of further negative phenomena and deepening of social inequalities. In 2020, 47.3% of Afghans, mostly in rural areas, lived in poverty, and as many as 93% of households lived on less than 2 dollars a day. Even before the outbreak of the Covid-19 pandemic, there were only 4 doctors per 10,000 people, and the country itself was one of the most dangerous places in the world.
Około 75 procent wszystkich zgonów dzieci w Sudanie Południowym jest spowodowanych chorobami, którym można zapobiec, takimi jak biegunka, malaria i zapalenie płuc. Z dystansu tysięcy kilometrów określamy to mianem kryzysu humanitarnego, jednak te słowa nic nie mówią mieszkańcom kraju. Są zbyt skupieni na zdobyciu żywności, wody, znalezieniu pracy, która pozwoli im na chociaż niewielki zarobek, nie w głowie im statystyki i globalne rankingi. Z tych skromnych kwot muszą często pokryć koszty wielokrotnie w ciągu życia odbywanych podróży do innego miasta, obozu dla osób wewnętrznie przesiedlonych albo jednego z krajów sąsiednich. Bieda nie pozwala pozostać na stałe w jednym miejscu. Sudan Południowy jest jednym z państw o największej liczbie uchodźców obok Syrii, Afganistanu i Wenezueli. Gdy tylko ustępują deszcze i pora sucha pozwala poruszać się popękanymi drogami, rozpoczyna się wędrówka. Dla wielu nigdy się nie kończąca.
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